The Mitutoyo 505 series dial caliper uses a combination of a vernier scale and a dial whose pointer travels one rotation for each 0.1” measured to perform precise outside diameter (OD), inside diameter (ID), depth, and step measurements.
The dial caliper has a fixed (main) scale and a movable dial, unlike the vernier caliper which has a second, movable vernier scale. The dial is circular and has a pointer; it is mounted on a toothed gear track which drives the pointer. As the dial moves over the main scale rule, the pointer rotates once to give the additional fractional reading. The second measurement is added to the main scale reading to obtain a final result accurate to the smallest graduation marked on the dial. The main scale and dial are marked in inches. The dial can be rotated beneath the pointer to measure size differential between two objects. The dial caliper is easier to read than the vernier caliper, thus safeguarding against user reading errors. Its standard of precise measurement complements the use of the vernier caliper; the dial provides an ease in reading and interpolating measurements which most vernier calipers, due to their need for direct observation of both scales, may not provide.
The dial uses a rack-and-pinion mechanism and is mounted on a gear track where each tooth equals one quarter of the dial revolution, and four teeth equal 0.1”. The smooth-moving dial is graduated to 0.001” and offers gear train shock protection. A thumbwheel permits fast operation with one hand. A clamping screw controls scale movement and a dial calibration lock holds the sliding jaw’s position. The caliper is made of hardened stainless steel construction with titanium nitride (TiN) coating on the beam wear surface helps extend caliper life. Two sets of jaws provide four-way measurement capability: outside dimension (OD), inside dimension (ID), depth, and step, where the butt end of the fixed jaw measures one end of a work piece before its upper/lower or inner/outer steps are measured.